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Truck Jargon

The world of trucking and truck insurance  comes with its fair share of jargon. Below we have complied the key terms along with a short description.

  • Gross Vehicle Weight: The weight of a vehicle and its load.
  • Train Weight: The weight of a vehicle, a trailer and its load. PLATED WEIGHT.
  • Plated Weight:Either the design weight limit given on a manufacturer’s plate or the legal weight limit given on the Department’s plate
  • Draw Bar Trailer available for carriage and reward
  • Semi-Trailer: A trailer forming part of an articulated vehicle.
  • Articulated Truck A tractor unit with a semi-trailer attached where part of the load is borne by the drawing vehicle.

Articulated Lorries (Artics) are the main vehicle category to transport goods by road. This combines a tractor unit with a trailer using a  turn-table device.  Artics have different types of trailers some of the most common are listed below:

  • Flatbed trailer - Most versatile and can be used for almost any kind of cargo one disadvantage is that the  goods need to be protected from the elements and theft.​​​​
  • Tilt trailer -  Similar to the flat bed trailer, but with a removable canopy.
  • Curtain side - Most common vehicle for road haulage and comes with a rigid roof and rear doors. The sides are PVC curtains that can be drawn back for easy loading and unloading.
  • Box trailer - Boxed rigid unit, with loading through back doors. A must for long haulage or for valuable goods.
  • Road train - a rigid vehicle at the front, which pulls a trailer behind it.
  • Low-loaders - Can be  used for transporting heavy machinery and other outsize goods. Set low to the ground for easy loading.
  • Draw Bar Trailer available for carriage and reward
  • Swap-body system -Not common and have been designed to accommodate standard cargo containers. 

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